FAQs & Links

Ground Maintenance

What is lawn aeration?


Aerating one’s lawn improves rooting and problem soils by allowing air into the soil. Soil compaction may occur as a result of lawns’ aging or maintaining heavy use due to recreation, sports, pets, vehicle traffic and parking. Compaction reduces total pore space and the amount of air within the soil. Oxygen is vital for healthy roots and root growth. When the oxygen supply is restricted, root growth is hindered due to its limited ability to absorb nutrients and water. 

Some facts:
  • Healthy roots are necessary for healthy lawns.
  • Roots make up 90 percent of the grass plant.
  • Roots take in oxygen and give off carbon dioxide.
  • Restricted air movement into the soil reduces health and vigor of the turf.
  • Aerating equipment mechanically improves the movement of atmospheric air into the soil and carbon dioxide out of the soil.[1]

What Are The Benefits Of Lawn Aeration?


Due to extremes in temperature and moisture, your lawn may experience severe stresses. You should consider aerating and seeding your lawn because it:

Some facts:
  • Loosens compacted soil and increases the availability of water and nutrients.
  • Enhances oxygen levels in the soil, stimulating root growth and enhancing the activity of thatch decomposing organisms.
  • While removing cores of soil, the aerating equipment also severs roots, rhizomes and stolons. Grass plants are stimulated to produce new shoots and roots that “fill up” the holes in the lawn and increase the density of the turf.
  • Reduces water runoff.
  • Increases the lawn’s drought tolerance and improves its overall health. [2] 


Why should I water my lawn or plants?


The main goal of watering plants is to maintain and cultivate living plants.  In doing so, one must be familiar with how much water and how often to water, depending on the plants size, variety, and age. 

Watering facts:
  • The best time to water is early in the morning. Midday is not good because the heat and light cause the water is to evaporate. Nighttime watering may cause fungal problems if leaves stay wet and damp.
  • A thorough soil soaking around the plant is much better than a fast misting of the leaves and soil surface.
  • Plants under large mature trees, or on slopes, or in the full sun require more water.


Tree Care

Why should you consider tree care?


Winter’s snow, ice and frozen soil conditions cause stresses on trees and shrubs. Other stresses include high winds and extreme temperature fluctuations, both very common problems in the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area. You can lessen winter’s harmful effects on your property with preventative maintenance and tree care.


Why should I prune my tree?


Tree branches can break as a result of excessive weight from snow or ice. Often, trees suffer from naturally formed imperfections that make their branches more susceptible to branch failure at the union of the branch and main stem. The Tree Care Industry Association (TCIA) recommends “Proper pruning to encourage the formation of the strongest possible branches and branch attachments."



Helpful Links



Seasonal Reminders



[1] Fagerness, Matthew, J. Aerating Your Lawn, Horticulture Report, Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service, January 2001.

[2] Polomski, Bob & Shaughnessy, Debbie, Aerating Lawns, Home & Garden Information Center, Clemson University, 2003.


Quality Service and Experience Makes the Difference!

Greenskeeper Landscaping & Lawn Management, Inc
P.O. Box 596, Fulton, Maryland 20759
Telephone: (301) 622-3831    Fax:  (301) 776-6361